10 Animals With Unique Skills That No One Else Got

3284 People Viewed - about 42 months ago World

Compared to chickens laid a dozen of double-yolk eggs, skills these animals have could be even amazing and unique.

1. Plumed Basilisk: Walking on Water

The plumed basilisk spends much of its time in streamside trees or shrubs waiting for an insect or small vertebrate to pass close enough so it can pounce and devour it.

But when the lizard is threatened, it drops down into the stream and escapes by walking across the water on its hind feet, using its tail for added support.

2. Bloodhound: Olfaction

Under the sleepy eyes of the bloodhound sits the nose of a super-detective, with a sense of smell up to a million times more sensitive than that of humans.

Because of the bloodhound’s fine-tuned olfactory system, it is commonly used by police officers to track down the scents of missing or fugitive people.

Its nose has more than 200 million olfactory cells, which can lock onto an odor and follow it for several days, despite the presence of other scents along the way.

3. Eagle: Eyesight

By some estimates, eagles can see at least four times as much detail as humans.

This is due to a few essential anatomical adaptations: large pupils that minimize diffraction, a ridge over each eye that shields sunlight and a higher concentration of cone cells in the eye.

4. Dung Beetle: Moonlight Navigation

Evidence suggests that a certain species of dung beetle may be capable of an impressive skill: navigation using polarized light from the moon.

These insects are often observed to travel in a straight line with their dung balls, despite whatever obstacles they may encounter.

It seems that these insects rely on the patterns created when moonlight interacts with particles in the atmosphere to navigate in a straight line.

When no moonlight is available, the dung beetles tend to veer, curve or otherwise meander, making safe delivery of those poop packages much more difficult.

5. Puma: Jumping

Possessing incredible strength and speed, the puma is one of the most formidable predators on the planet.

Also known as a mountain lion, cougar or panther, this animal has muscular hind legs and large paws designed for powerful leaping.

From a standing position, the puma has been known to jump 15 feet vertically. With a running start, the animal can easily clear 40 feet horizontally.

6. Bats: Echolocation

Bats have a lot of unique and interesting adaptations.

With echolocation, bats send out high-frequency clicks as they fly.

Then, they listen for the variations in the echoes that come back, which indicate the location of nearby insects.

Using this system, they are able to feed on about 1,000 bugs per night, all caught on the wing.

7. Shark: Electroreception

Sharks are among the most evolutionarily successful animals on the planet, due in large part to a variety of adaptations that give them a competitive edge in the wild.

One of those adaptations is electroreception, which is a keen sensitivity to electrical impulses.

Here’s how it works: as fish swim around, their movement sends tiny electrical signals through the water.

Sharks pick up on those signals as the water passes over a series of jelly-filled pores on their head.

8. Cephalopod: Jet Propulsion

Cephalopods, a group of animals that includes squids and octopuses, are the fastest invertebrates in the sea, in part because of their unusual ability to use jet propulsion.

When water flows into the animal’s mantle cavity, it is held under pressure as long as its orifices are closed, except for an opening called the funnel.

When the muscles of the mantle wall contract and squeeze the pressurized water back through the funnel, the animal is propelled through the water at a rate of up to 25 miles per hour.

9. Hummingbird: Aerial Acrobatics

Within their wings the joint between the upper and lower arm is positioned very close to the body, giving them incredible leverage and flexibility in the air.

They also beat their wings extremely fast – some species at 80 times per second, and do so in a figure eight pattern, which adds to their maneuverability.

Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly backwards and upside down.

10. Cheetah: Running

Reaching speeds of up to 68 miles per hour, the cheetah is the world’s fastest terrestrial animal.

With its long legs, small head and slender body, this animal is literally built for speed.

When the cheetah runs, its backbone coils and uncoils with every stride, which helps to propel the animal forward during a chase.

By some estimates, this feature may increase the cheetah’s speed by up to 20 miles per hour.

(source:care2.com)
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